About the “sustainability” of the retirement system Upcoming retirement policy

On January 4, I wrote in the same newspaper about a report prepared by CIPPEC regarding what it considered “Special systems”. This report stated that there were 3.7 million beneficiaries falling under “special benefits,” which included 3.3 million benefit from retirement inclusion plansout of a total of just under 7 million, which is equivalent to judges and the diplomatic corps, for example.

This report has been prepared to preserve this Social Security ‘unsustainable’ In the context of pressure to reduce spending by 2.5 percent of GDP, at the request of the International Monetary Fund. It is necessary to remember this because who will take over the Executive Directorate of Anas on December 10th Bachelor’s degree. Osvaldo Giordano He also had a consulting company called IDESA, and he had no better idea than to copy the CIPPEC report and, of course, get there. Same conclusions.

The “sustainability” of Social Security is a political, not an economic, decision. Neither the judiciary is sustainable nor the armed forces, as neither generates resources. Sustainability depends on the government’s interest in directing resources towards a particular state policy. Those of us who consider Social Security to be the best and fairest way to distribute wealth believe that a government that wants to build a just, equitable, and supportive country should invest more in Social Security.

Priorities

It is clear that the elected government and the International Monetary Fund want to continue what the Macri government started with the historic compensation laws and pension reform. Transferring the retirement system to the individual capitalization systemAs the president, who will take office on December 10, expressed during the election campaign.

We’ll leave the future president and CEO-designate of ANSES a small sample, If the decision was to make Social Security “sustainable,” they could simply do so, without affecting the middle class.

Since 1993, L By reducing social fees, the state loses 2.99 percent of GDP, which corresponds to social security resources. Among these concessions, the most unusual are audio-visual services: the Clarin Group, by triangulation with VAT, does not pay a single peso in contributions to employers, such as La Nacion newspaper.

While economists in the next government analyze how to repeal the law that made workers stop paying income tax, those who still pay that tax They can deduct extraordinary expenses, which end up being paid through taxes by the most vulnerable groups. During 2023, these amounts amounted to 2.64% of GDP. As you will see, there is a lot to be saved by adapting to those who earn a lot more than just a bus driver, a taxi driver, a miner, a teacher, or the person who stops by your house every night to pick up your groceries. waste.

Missing, as if that wasn’t enough, Privilege of those who do not pay income tax: judges and prosecutors of the nation Which, of course, will not be affected by the cuts in favor of “sustainability.” The issue is very simple. Social Security can be made sustainable by the rich supporting it, or the poor supporting it. The decision is political.

* Lawyer and former director of the Inter-American Center for Social Security Studies.

(tags for translation)Economy

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